Call the tangents to the circle F and G, so we have: C F G A D O E B CFGO is a square, all angles are 90 degrees and all lengths are equal to 4. Triangles AFO and OGB are similar right triangles. OG = 4, OB = 5, therefore GB = 3. (3*3 + 4*4 = 5*5) AO / FO = OB / GB AO = OB / GB * FO = 5 / 3 * 4 = 6.6667 AD = AO - DO = 6.6667 - 4 = 2.6667